Vol. 13 No. 1 (2022): The Bibliographic Control in the Digital Ecosystem

Rethinking bibliographic control in the light of IFLA LRM entities: the ongoing process at the National library of France

Françoise Leresche
Bibliothèque nationale de France

Published 2022-01-13


  • Universal Bibliographic Control,
  • National bibliographic agencies,
  • IFLA LRM model,
  • International cooperation,
  • Digital resources

How to Cite

Leresche, Françoise. 2022. “Rethinking Bibliographic Control in the Light of IFLA LRM Entities: The Ongoing Process at the National Library of France”. JLIS.It 13 (1):99-106. https://doi.org/10.4403/jlis.it-12773.


When IFLA defined the concept of Universal Bibliographic Control (UBC) during the 1960s, the objective was to describe all resources published worldwide and split this task internationally by developing tools (such as the ISBD and UNIMARC) for the exchange of descriptive metadata. Today libraries are aiming to build web-oriented catalogues, based on the IFLA LRM model: when the ISBD “resource” is split into the WEMI entities, it seems necessary to adopt a new approach toward UBC and to define new criteria.
The BnF has initiated this process. This paper presents which criteria engage BnF’s responsibility as a provider of reference metadata identifying an instance of a WEMI entity or an agent. It also presents the quality approach developed by the cataloguing staff in order to reach its objectives and answer the various needs of the metadata users, in a context where the diversity of metadata sources is modifying traditional cataloguing methods. It also investigates the consequences implied by the various stages of the implementation of IFLA LRM by libraries on the exchange of metadata, and concludes with a commitment to maintain the distribution of reusable metadata for all libraries during a period still to be defined.


Metrics Loading ...


  1. Anderson, Dorothy. 1974. Universal Bibliographic Control: a Long Term Policy, a Plan for Action. Pullach bei München: Verlag Dokumentation.
  2. Bibliothèque nationale de France. 2018. Politique de qualité des données. Consulté le 15 juillet 2021. Disponible en ligne: https://www.bnf.fr/fr/politique-de-qualite-des-donnees.
  3. IFLA. 2012. Professional Statement on Bibliographic Universal Control. Consulté le 15 juillet 2021. Di- sponible en ligne: http://www.ifla.org/files/assets/bibliography/Documents/ifla-professional-state- ment-on-ubc-en.pdf.
  4. IFLA. 1961. « Principes de Paris » adoptés par la Conférence internationale sur les Principes de catalo- gage, Paris, Octobre 1961. Consulté le 15 juillet 2021. Disponible en ligne: https://www.ifla.org/files/ assets/cataloguing/IMEICC/IMEICC1/statement_principles_paris_1961.pdf. Traduction française disponible en ligne: https://www.ifla.org/files/assets/cataloguing/IMEICC/IMEICC1/statement_ principles_paris_1961-fr.pdf.
  5. IFLA Cataloguing Section and IFLA Meetings of Experts on an International Cataloguing Code. 2016. Statement of International Cataloguing Principles: ICP. 2016 edition with minor revisions, 2017. Consulté le 15 juillet 2021. Disponible en ligne: https://www.ifla.org/files/assets/cataloguing/ icp/icp_2016-en.pdf.
  6. IFLA FRBR Review Group. Consolidation Editorial Group. 2017. IFLA Library Reference Model: a conceptual model for bibliographic information. Disponible en ligne: https://www.ifla.org/files/ assets/cataloguing/frbr-lrm/ifla-lrm-august-2017_rev201712.pdf. Consulté le 15 juillet 2021.
  7. Illien, Gildas et Bourdon, Françoise. 2014. À la recherche du temps perdu, retour vers le futur: CBU 2.0. Communication présentée à: IFLA WLIC 2014 - Lyon - Libraries, Citizens, Societies: Confluence for Knowledge, Session 86 - Cataloguing with Bibliography, Classification & Indexing and UNIMARC Strategic Programme. In: IFLA WLIC 2014, 16-22 August 2014, Lyon, France. Consulté le 15 juillet 2021. Disponible en ligne: http://library.ifla.org/956/1/086-illien-fr.pdf. Tra- duction anglaise disponible en ligne: http://library.ifla.org/956/7/086-illien-en.pdf.