Vol. 14 No. 1 (2023): Peer review: a process undergoing a required transformation

Peer review ethics in Iranian LIS scholarly journals: a comparison between views of reviewers and authors

Rahmatollah Fattahi
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
Reza Rajabali Beglou
Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology (Irandoc)
Somayeh Sadat Akhshik
Kharazmi Unversity

Published 2022-12-19


  • Peer Review; ,
  • Peer Review Ethics (PRE);,
  • Scholarly Journals;,
  • Ethical Issues;,
  • Iran.

How to Cite

Fattahi, R., Rajabali Beglou, R., & Akhshik, S. S. (2022). Peer review ethics in Iranian LIS scholarly journals: a comparison between views of reviewers and authors. JLIS.It, 14(1), 30–45. https://doi.org/10.36253/jlis.it-504


Peer review is one of the most efficient ways to ensure the quality of papers for possible publication in scholarly journals. However, the process of peer review is not free of bias and disorders. Many reviewers are unaware of how their attitudes towards the evaluation of scholarly papers may violate Peer Review Ethics (PRE). This paper attempts to analyze the different ethical issues influencing the job of reviewing. The research sample for this study included 7 Iranian library and information journals, 124 Iranian peer reviewers, and 34 authors. Peer reviewers and authors were asked to evaluate the most important ethical elements of peer review in Iranian LIS journals through two different questionnaires based on Rajabali Beglou et al. (2019) research.

Findings showed that there was no difference among authors and reviewers in terms of gender in most PRE elements. Also, the level of experience of the authors was not significant in terms of understanding and acceptance of the PRE among reviewers and authors. However, review experiences regarding some PRE elements were significant in respondents’ viewpoints. The experiences reviewers had already gained were influential on their views about PRE. In addition, results showed that there were significant differences among reviewers and authors about the PRE elements in LIS journals. Authorship experiences had not effect on the PRE elements and the dual role of peer reviewing and authorship had no impact on their views.


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