Vol. 10 No. 1 (2019)

Semantic alignment in museums, archives and libraries. The ontologies for describing relationships

Valentina Carriero
Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie della Cognizione - Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
Marilena Daquino
Alma Mater Studiorum Università degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Filologia Classica e Italianistica
Francesca Tomasi
Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Department of Classical Philology and Italian Studies

Published 2019-01-15


  • Ontology modelling,
  • Cultural Heritage,
  • Archival Science

How to Cite

Carriero, Valentina, Marilena Daquino, and Francesca Tomasi. 2019. “Semantic Alignment in Museums, Archives and Libraries. The Ontologies for Describing Relationships”. JLIS.It 10 (1):72-91. https://doi.org/10.4403/jlis.it-12499.


This paper presents the state of the art of the cataloguing description of personal relationships between creators of archival records and people that are related to the life cycle of cultural objects, as highlighted by museums, archives and libraries records (i.e. GLAM, translated in italian MAB). Since people are fundamental access points to the cultural heritage, the representation of relationships between people and corporate bodies in Linked Open Data is of increasing interest. Nonetheless, a shared and comprehensive vocabulary of personal relationships is not available yet. Leveraging on Semantic Web technologies, and ontologies in particular, the aim is to identify existing ontologies that allow to represent relationships in their context (i.e. time, space and events); to map and classify different types of personal relationships; and to provide a formal representation of relationships not available in existing ontologies. As a result, we present an ontology, with a controlled vocabulary, for the representation of the scenario of personal relationships in the cultural heritage domain.


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